‘You have crippled him…’

{…فَلَا تُزَكُّوا أَنفُسَكُمْ ۖ هُوَ أَعْلَمُ بِمَنِ اتَّقَىٰ}

{So ascribe not purity to yourselves. He knows best him who fears Allah and keep his duty to Him [i.e. those who are Al-Muttaqun (pious}
[An-Najm 53:32]

Abu Musa said, “The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) heard a man praising another man and saying good words about him while he was present with them. He said, ‘You have destroyed or broke the back of the man!’” [Muslim]
«سمع النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم رجلا يثني على رجل، ويطريه في المدحة. فقال: لقد أهلكتم، أو قطعتم، ظهر الرجل» رواه مسلم
Abdur Rahman bin Abi Bakrah said that a man was once mentioned in the presence of the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه و سلم). Another man said good words of praise about him. The Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه و سلم) then said, “Woe unto you! You have beheaded your friend. If one of you has to praise, let him say, ‘I think this and that’ (about the praised man), if he thinks that he deserves it, ‘And his reckoning is with Allah,’ and let him not ascribe purity (to anyone).”    [Al-Bukhari & Muslim]
«أن رجلا ذكر عند النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم فأثنى عليه رجل خيرا، فقال النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم: ويحك، قطعت عنق صاحبك -يقوله مرارا- إن كان أحدكم مادحا لا محالة فليقل: أحسب كذا وكذا، إن كان يرى أنه كذلك، والله حسيبه، ولا يزكي على الله أحدا» رواه البخاري مسلم
Ibrahim At-Taymi said “We were sitting in the presence of Umar when a man praised another man to his face. Umar said, ‘You ‘Aqartahu (crippled him), may Allah do the same to you.’
Hammam bin al-Harith reported that a person began to praise ‘Uthman and Miqdad sat upon his knee; and he was a bulky person and began to throw pebbles upon his (flatterer’s) face.

Thereupon ‘Uthman said: What is the matter with you? And he replied: Verily, Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم) said: When you see those who shower (undue) praise (upon others), throw dust upon their faces.” [Muslim]

«أن رجلا جعل يمدح عثمان. فعمد المقداد، فجثا على ركبتيه. وكان رجلا ضخما. فجعل يحثو في وجهه الحصباء. فقال له عثمان: ما شأنك؟ فقال: إن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال: إذا رأيتم المداحين، فاحثوا في وجوههم التراب» رواه مسلم

“..From these Hadiths and stories, we conclude that the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه و سلم) prohibited praising others, especially while they can hear their praise. This is because such praise may encourage the praised persons to overestimate themselves, especially if they were people of position or wealth.

Such praise may lead the praised person to be arrogant, which may lead to laziness and a lower number of good deeds, for one will depend on what he heard of praise and ignore acquiring more good deeds…”

Edited from:

How to Achieve Humbleness in Your Heart | Islamway.net

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