Tahdhib al-Akhlaaq

Insha’Allah T’ala this page of the blog will be dedicated to ahadith pertaining to personal & social conduct, taken from the book Tahdhib al-akhlaaq by Sayyed ‘Abdul-Hayy al-Hasani. The page will be updated regularly so please remeber to check back, may Allah swt give us the tawfeeq to implement this knowledge and become of those with the best of manners and conduct. ameen

Allah praise belongs to Allah swt, the Lord of The Worlds, and peace be upon the noblest of the Messengers and the Seal of the Prophet Muhammad (saw) and upon his family and his excellent Companions and those who follow them in doing good until the Day of Recompence. 

Abu Hurayrah (radiAllahu anhu) said that the Messenger of Allah (saw) said, “The believers with the most perfect belief are the best of them in character. The best of you are those of you who are best towards your wives” [Tirmidhi] 

A’ishah (radiAllahu anha) said “I heard the Messenger of Allah (saw) say, ‘By his good character a believer can reach the same rank as someone who fasts and prays at night’.” [Abu Dawud] 

An-Nawwas ibn Sam’an (radiAllahu anhu) said “I asked the Messenger of Allah (saw) about piety and wrong action. He said, ‘Piety is good character and wrong action is what troubles your heart and you hate other people to discover.” [Muslim] 


Love for Allah & His Messenger: 

Allah swt says: “O you who believe! Whoever from among you turns back from his religion (Islâm), Allâh will bring a people whom He will love and they will love Him” [Surah Maeda (5):54] 

And He swt says, “But those who believe, love Allâh more (than anything else)” [Surah Baqarah (2):165] 

From Anas Ibn Malik (radiAllahu anhu) who said, “The Messenger of Allah (saw) said, ‘None of you will believe until he loves me more than his parents, children and all the people.” [Bukhari] 

Anas Ibn Malik (radiAllahu anhu) also said, “A Bedouin said to the Messenger of Allah (saw) ‘When will the Hour come?’ The Messenger of Allah (saw) said, ‘What have you prepared for it?’ He said, ‘The love of Allah and His Messenger.’ He said, ‘You will be with the one you love.’”
Anas said, “I love Allah and His Messenger and (I love) Abu Bakr and ‘Umar  and I hope to be with them, even if I have not done what they have done.” [Muslim] 


Being Dutiful to Parents: 

Allah swt says,And your Lord has decreed that you worship none but Him. And that you be dutiful to your parents. If one of them or both of them attain old age in your life, say not to them a word of disrespect, nor shout at them but address them in terms of honour. And lower unto them the wing of submission and humility through mercy, and say: “My Lord! Bestow on them Your Mercy as they did bring me up when I was young.” 

[ Surah Al-Isra / Bani Israeel (17):23-24] 

and He swt says, And We have enjoined on man to be dutiful and kind to his parents; in pain did his mother bear him, and in pain did she give him birth”  

[Surah Al Ahqaf (46):15] 

Abdullah ibn Mas’ud (radiAllahu anhu) said, “I asked the Prophet (saw) ‘Which action does Allah Almighty love the most?‘ He said, ‘The prayer in its time.’ I said, ‘Then what?’ He said, ‘Dutifulness to parents.’ I said, ‘Then what?’ He said, ‘Jihad in the way of Allah.’ [Bukhari & Muslim] 

Abu Hurayrah (radiAllahu anhu) reported that the Prophet (saw) said, “May his nose be in the dust! Then may his nose be in the dust! Then may his nose be in the dust!” It was asked, “Who o’ Messenger of Allah?” He said, “Someone whose parents are old, or one of them is old, and who does not eventer the Garden!” [Muslim] 

Malik ibn Rab’ah as-Sa’idi (radiAllahu anhu) said, “Once while we were sitting with the Messenger of Allah (saw) a man from Banu Salamah came up and said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, is there any devotion to my parents which I can show them after their death?’ He said, ‘Yes, praying for them, asking forgiveness form them, fulfilling their pledges after them, maintaining ties of kinship which you only have through them and by honouring any friends of theirs.” [Abu Dawud] 


Respect for the sanctity of Muslims: 

Abu Musa al-Ash’ari (radiAllahu anhu) said that the Messenger of Allah (saw) said, “A believer in respect of another believer is like a building whose parts support one another” [Bukhari & Muslim] 

Ibn ‘Umar (radiAllahu anhu) reported that the Messenger of Allah (saw) said, “The Muslim is the brother of the Muslim. He should not wrong him or surrender him to his enemy or leave him to perish unsupported. Allah will take care of the needs of anyone who takes care of the needs of his brother. On the Day of Rising, Allah will dispel the anxiety of anyone who dispels the anxiety of another Muslim. On the Day of Rising, Allah will veil anyone who veils another Muslim.” [Bukhari & Muslim] 

 Jabir (radiAllahu anhu) said, “I heard the Messenger of Allah (saw) say, ‘The Muslim is the one from whose tongue and hand other Muslims are safe.” [Muslim] 

Jabir ibn Abdullah and Abu Talhah Zayd ibn Sahl al-Ansari (radiAllahu anhuma) reported that the Messenger of Allah (saw) said, “No man forsakes a Muslim in a place in which his respect is defamed and his honour disparaged without Allah, The Mighty & Majestic, forsaking him in a place in which he desires His help. No man helps a Muslim in a place in which his honour is disparaged and his respect defames without Allah, The Mighty & Majestic, helping him in a place where he desires His help.” [Abu Dawud] 


On keeping the best company: 

 Allah, swt says “ And keep yourself (O Muhammad SAW) patiently with those who call on their Lord (i.e. your companions who remember their Lord with glorification, praising in prayers, and other righteous deeds) morning and afternoon, seeking His Face” [Surah Al Khaf (18):28] 

 Abu Musa al-Ashari (radiAllahu anhu) reported that the Messenger of Allah (saw) said, “The metaphor of a good companion and a bad companion is that of someone with musk and the bellows of the black smith. The person with musk either gives it to you or you buy it or smell its scent, while the bellows of the blacksmith burn your clothers or you get foul smell from it.” [Bukhari & Muslim] 

 Abu Hurayrah (radiAllahu anhu) reported that the Prophet (saw) said, “A man follows the way of life of his close friend, so each of you should be very careful about whom he takes as a close friend.” [Abu Dawud & Tirmidhi] 

 Abu Sa’id al-Khudri (radiAllahu anhu) reported that the Prophet (saw) said, “Take only a believer as a friend nd let only someone Godfearing eat your food” [Abu Dawud & Tirmidhi]


On Reliance (on Allah):

In the Qur’an Allah swt says: They only are the (true) believers whose hearts feel fear when Allah is mentioned, and when revelations of Allah are recited unto them they increase their faith, and who trust in their Lord” [Surah Al Anfal (8) : 2]

He, swt also says: “Then when you have taken a decision, put your trust in Allâh, certainly, Allâh loves those who put their trust (in Him)” [Surah Al E Imran (3): 159]

“And whosoever puts his trust in Allâh, then He will suffice him.” [Surah at-Talaq (65): 3]

Abu Bakr as-Siddiq (radiAllahu anhu) said, “I saw thew feet of the idol-worshippers when we were in the Cave and the idol-worshippers were right over our heads, and I said, ‘Messenger of Allah, if one of them were to look under his feet, he would see us.’ He (The Messenger of Allah) said, “Abu Bakr, what do you think of two people whom Allah is the third?”  [Bukhari & Muslim]

Umar Ibn al-Khattab (radiAllahu anhu) said, “I heard the Messenger of Allah (sallahu alayhi wa salam) say, ‘If you were to rely on Allah as He should be relied on, He would provide for you as He provides for the birds. They go out in the morning hungry and return in the evening full.” [Tirmidhi]

Ibn Abbas (radiAllahu anhu) said, “Allah is sufficient for us and the best Guardian” Ibrahim (alayhi asalam) said this when he was thrown into the Fire and Muhammed (saw) said it when they said, ‘People are gathering against you so fear them.’ but it only increased their faith and they said, “Allah is sufficient for us and the best Guardian’.


One response to “Tahdhib al-Akhlaaq


    the ahaadith are inspiring.Alhamdulillah.

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